Hazards in PNG


Hazard in disaster management term is refer to as a potentially damaging physical event, phenomena or human activity which may cause the loss of life of injury, damage of property, disruption to social or economic activity or environmental degradation.

Hazards can be Natural or Man-made.

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards are natural processes or phenomena occurring in the biosphere that may constitute a damaging event. They can be classified according to their hydro-meteorological, geological or biological origins.

Man-Made Hazards

Man-made or Technological Hazards are dangers associated with technological or industrial accidents, infrastructure failures or certain human activities which may cause the loss of life or injury, damage to property, disruption to social or economic activities and even environmental degradation, also known as Anthropogenic Hazards.


Hydrometeorological Hazards
Natural processes or phenomena of atmospheric, hydrological or oceanographic nature
  • Flood, debris and mudflows
  • Tropical cyclone, storm surge, wind, rain and other severe storms
  • Drought, temperature extreme, frost and desertification
Geological Hazards
Natural earth processes or phenomena that include processes of endogenous origin or tectonic exogenous origin, such as mass movement
  • Earthquake, tsunami
  • Volcanic activity and emission
  • Mass movements, landslides, rockslides, liquefaction, sub-marine slides
  • Surface collapse, geological fault activity
Biological Hazards
Processes of organic origin or those conveyed by biological vectors, including exposure to pathogenic micro-organisms, toxins and bio-active substances.
  • Outbreak of epidemic disease, plant or animal
  • Contagion and extensive infestation